Research Tools

Studies of populations using the PRECEDE-PROCEED model to plan, implement, or evaluate programs to address health needs are usually advised to use, or at least adapt, standardized measures for their study of populations and circumstances. Measures that helped produce and validate the PRECEDE-PROCEED model have since been widely used in published research and program evaluation reports and

articles. Below are four such measures and their applications.

Reliability-tested Guidelines for Assessing Participatory Research Projects

Participation in the health planning process was emphasized in the opening chapters of our 2022 book. These “guidelines” were developed and published originally by the Institute for Health Promotion Research at the University of British Columbia, with support of the Royal Society of Canada. They were further developed and tested at the CDC as a questionnaire with rating scales on the quality of engagement between academic researchers and their community partners. They were applied by CDC in rating grant applications for proposed CBPR projects and other projects. The tested version of the instrument and guidelines are presented here.

Participatory Research Guidelines
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The Measure of Patient Adherence to Medical Regimens

This is a bibliography of over 600 published applications of a measure of patient compliance with medical prescription and advice on taking medications. It is a searchable bibliography on authors, titles, & date of publications that used a measure validated originally on our research on hypertension outpatients in the Johns Hopkins University Hospital clinics in studies by Green, Levine, Morisky, Deeds, et al. funded by NIH. Search PubMed on Donald Morisky for later adaptations and further validations of the measure on a wide range of populations.

Patient Compliance
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Manual for Measurement of Socioeconomic Status in Health Studies

The following is an archive of articles applying, analyzing, or citing the Socioeconomic Index first published in: Green, L. W. Manual for scoring socioeconomic status for research on health behavior. Public Health Reports, 85 (9): 815-827, Sept. 1970.This index has been used to measure correlates of social and economic characteristics of populations in relation to a variety of health behaviors and health outcomes. This archive may be useful for historical and population comparisons of research and practice related to health behaviors and health outcomes as related to socioeconomic status.

Socioeconomic Measures
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Applications of coding schema for ecological approaches

Published articles applying or analyzing coding schemes for ecological levels as presented in: Richard L, Potvin L, Kischuk N, Prlic H, Green LW (1996). Assessment of the integration of the ecological approach in health promotion programs. American Journal of Health Promotion, 10(4), 318-328. These articles apply a model of the ecological approach in health promotion programs. Based on system theory, the model identifies intervention settings and targets as two independent dimensions for assessing the integration of this approach in programs. Additional objectives are to present and pretest an analytical procedure that allows the assessment of integration of the ecological approach in programs.

Ecological Coding Schema
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