If we want more evidence-based practice, we need more practice-based evidence.*

 

Patient Adherence to Medical Regimens

Updated 12/07/2014

The following is a listing of published articles applying or analyzing the index of patient compliance with medical regimens as outlined in the following two articles, validating verbal answers against blood pressures for estimating or predicting patient adherence behavior:

  1. Green, L. W., Levine, D. M., Wolle, J., & Deeds, S. G.  Development of randomized patient education experiments with urban poor hypertensives. Patient Counseling and Health Education 1: 106-11, 1979.

  2. Morisky, D. E., Green, L. W., & Levine, D. M. Concurrent and predictive validity of a self-reported measure of medication adherence. Medical Care, 24: 67-74, 1986. [Abstract]

For translations of this scale to French, Spanish, German and other European languages by Groupe de Recherche Servier, France, contact -- 

    Théodora de Coster-Audoin: Email: theodora.decoster-audoin@fr.netgrs.com

This 4-item scale, developed applied in baseline and post-intervention interviews with patients in the Johns Hopkins studies of hypertension control (Green et al, Levine et al, Morisky et al, Cantor et al), between 1975 and 1990, was adapted in 1990 when Morisky conducted the first chemical validation (the original criterion validity was blood pressure) and its concordance with the revised scale. The item regarding "carelessness" was replaced with a more neutral item measuring unintentional reason for not taking one's medication....("problems remembering"), which resulted in a higher reliability score.  (Original item: "Are you careless at times about taking your [name of health condition] medicine?" was replaced with "Do you ever have problems remembering to take your [name of health condition] medication?" This version of the original scale became known as the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-4).  In 2008, he published an updated version of the MMAS-8 which has a higher reliability (.83) and higher sensitivity and specificity. 

The MMAS-4 has been cited almost 1000 times since its publication in 1986 and, perhaps unfortunately in some cases, modified extensively by others.  Work with the MMAS-8 has also assessed persistence (MPR).  Both the MMAS-8 and the MPR scales have been translated in many languages, with many more for the MMAS-4, given its longer history.  For the original items and questionnaire or the revised items in the MMAS-4 or MMAS-8 and the coding instructions and psychometric properties, contact Professor Donald Morisky, dmorisky@ucla.edu

* These references are those applying the original 4-item scale, or local variations on it

NOTE: The references are presented alphabetically by the first author's surname.
To search a reference using keywords, use the browser's "Find..." command from the "Edit" menu.

  1. Abraham, C., Clift, S., & Grabowski, P. Cognitive predictors of adherence to malaria prophylaxis regimens on return from a malarious region: A prospective study. Social Science and Medicine, 48: 1641-1654, 1999. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  2. * Adelufosi, A.O., Adebowale, T.O., Abayomi, O., Mosanya, J.T. Medication adherence and quality of life among Nigerian outpatients with schizophrenia. Gen Hosp Psychiatry., 34(1):72-79, 2012. [Abstract]

  3. Adewuya, A.O., Owoeye, O.A., Erinfolami, A.R., Coker, A.O., Ogun, O.C., Okewole, A.O., Dada, M.U., Eze, C.N., Bello-Mojeed, M.A., Akindipe, T.O., Olagunju, A.T., and Etim, E. Prevalence and correlates of poor medication adherence amongst psychiatric outpatients in southwestern Nigeria. General Hospital Psychiatry, 31(2): 167-174, 2009. [Abstract]

  4. Adisa, R., Alutundu, M.B., and Fakeye, T.O. Factores que contribuyen al incumplimiento de hipoglucemiantes orales entre los pacientes ambulatoriales diabéticos tipo 2 en el suroeste de Nigeria (Factors contributing to nonadherence to oral hypoglycemic medications among ambulatory type 2 diabetes patients in Southwestern Nigeria). Pharmacy Practice, 7(3): 163-169, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  5. Afonso, N.M., Nassif, G., Aranha, A.N., Delor, B., and Cardozo, L.J. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal attainment among high-risk patients: Does a combined intervention targeting patients and providers work? Am J Manag Care.,12(10): 589-94, 2006. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  6. * Ageev, F. T., Fofanova, T., V., Smirnova, M. D., et al. Technology-based methods in the improvement of therapy compliance among ambulatory cardiac patients: one-year follow-up data. Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention, 11(4): 36-41, 2012. [Abstract]

  7. * Agh, T., Inotai, A., and Meszaros, A. Factors associated with medication adherence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respiration, 82(4):328-334, 2011. [Abstract]

  8. * Aghabekyan, S., Thompson, M. E., Abrahamyan, L. Medication noncompliance and patient satisfaction following percutaneous coronary intervention. Journal of Interventional Cardiology, 25(5): 469-47, 2012. [Abstract]

  9. Ahluwalia, J.S., McNagny, S.E., Rask, K.J. Correlates of Controlled Hypertension in Indigent, Inner-City Hypertensive Patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 12(1): 7-14, 1997. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  10. Ahluwalia, J.S., McNagny, S.E., and Kanuru, N.K. A Randomized Trial to Improve Follow-Up Care in Severe Uncontrolled Hypertensives at an Inner-City Walk-In Clinic. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 7(4): 377-389, 1996. [Abstract]

  11. Aikens, J. E., Perkins, D. W., Piette, J. D., and Lipton, B. Association between depression and concurrent Type 2 diabetes outcomes varies by diabetes regimen. Diabetic Medicine, 25(11): 1324-1329, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  12. Aikens, J.E., Nease, D.E., Jr, Nau, D.P., Klinkman, M.S., and Schwenk, T.L. Adherence to Maintenance-Phase Antidepressant Medication as a Function of Patient Beliefs About Medication. Ann Fam Med, 3: 23-30, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  13. * Al-Qazaz, H.Kh., Sulaiman, S.A., Hassali, M.A., Shafie, A.A., Sundram, S., Al-Nuri, R., and Saleem, F. Diabetes knowledge, medication adherence and glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes. Int J Clin Pharm., 33(6):1028-35, 2011. [Abstract]

  14. * Al-Qazaz, H.Kh., Hassali, M.A., Shafie, A.A., Sundram, S., and Morisky, D.E.The Eight-Item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-08):Translation and Validation of the Malaysian version. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 90(2):216-221, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  15. Aliotta, S.L., Boling, J., Commander, C., Day, D., Greenberg, L., Lattimer, C., Marshall, D., and Rogers, S.A. The Impact of CMSA's Case Management Adherence Guidelines and Guidelines Training on Case Manager-Reported Behavior Change. Professional Case Management, 12(5): 288-295, 2007. [Abstract]

  16. Allen, M., Oberle, K., Grace, M., Russell, A., and Adewale, A.J. A Randomized Clinical Trial of Elk Velvet Antler in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Biol Res Nurs 9(3): 254-261, 2008. [Abstract]

  17. * Amado Guirado, E., Pujol Ribera, E., Pacheco Huergo, V., Borras, J.M.; ADIEHTA Group. Knowledge and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in primary care: results of a randomized trial. Gac Sanit., 25(1):62-67, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  18. Amery, A.K.P.C, Staessen, J. Hypertension in the Elderly (Handbook of Hypertension), volume 12,. New York: Elsevier Science Ltd.,  1989, 428 pages [Abstract of book]

  19. Andrews, L. and Friedland, G. Progress in HIV therapeutics and the challenges of adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, 14(4): 901-928, 2000. [Abstract]

  20. Aoun, S., and Rosenberg, M. Are Rural People Getting HeartSmart?. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 12(2): 81-88, 2004. [Abstract]

  21. Aragonès, E., Caballero, A., Piñol, J.L., López-Cortacans, G., Badia, W., Hernández, J.M.,  Casaus, P., Folch, S., Basora, J., Labad, A., and the INDI research group. Assessment of an enhanced program for depression management in primary care: a cluster randomized controlled trial. The INDI project (Interventions for Depression Improvement). BMC Public Health, 7:253, 2007. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  22. * Arena, C., Morin, A.S., Blanchon, T., Hanslik, T., Cabane, J., Dupuy, A., and Fardet, L. Impact of glucocorticoid-induced adverse events on adherence in patients receiving long-term systemic glucocorticoid therapy. Br J Dermatol.,163(4): 832-837, 2010. [Abstract]

  23. Atreja, A., Bellam, N., and Levy, S.L. Strategies to Enhance Patient Adherence: Making it Simple. The Medscape Journal of Medicine, 7(1): 4, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  24. * Babamoto, K.S., Sey, K.W., Camilleri, A.J., Karlan, V.J., Catalasan, J., and Morisky, D.E. Improving Diabetes Care and Health Measures among Hispanics Using Community Health Workers: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Health Education and Behavior, 36(1):113-126, 2009. [Abstract]

  25. Bae, S.C., Hashimoto, H., Karlson, E.W., Liang, M.H., Daltroy, L.H. Variable effects of social support by race, economic status, and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol 28(6): 1245-1251, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  26. * Baena-Díez, J.M., Gómez-Fernández, C., Vilató-García, M., Vásquez-Lazo, E.J., Byram, A.O., Vidal-Solsona, M. A prescription register incorporated into computerized medical records for patients with hypertension: a new instrument to evaluate medication adherence. Atencion Primaria, 43(7): 336-342, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text in Spanish version]

  27. Bailey, W.C., Kohler, C.L., Richards, Jr, J.M., Windsor, R.A., Brooks, C.M., Gerald, L.B., Martin, B., Higgins, D.M., Liu, T. Asthma Self-management: Do Patient Education Programs Always Have an Impact? Arch Intern Med., 159(20): 2422-2428, 1999. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  28. Bailey, W.C., Richards, J.M., Brooks, C.M., Soong, S-J., and Brannen, A.L. Features of Asthma in Older Adults. Journal of Asthma 29(1): 21-28, 1992. [Abstract]

  29. Bailey; W.C., Richards, Jr; J.M., Brooks, C.M., Soong, S-j., Windsor, R.A., Manzella, B.A. A Randomized Trial to Improve Self-Management Practices of Adults With Asthma. Arch Intern Med, 150(8):1664-1668, 1990. [Abstract]

  30. Bailey, W.C., Richards, Jr, J.M., Manzella, B.A., Brooks, C.M., Windsor, R.A. and Soong, S.J. Characteristics and correlates of asthma in a university clinic population. CHEST, 98(4): 821-828, 1990. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  31. Bains, S.S., and Egede, L.E. Associations Between Health Literacy, Diabetes Knowledge, Self-Care Behaviors, and Glycemic Control in a Low Income Population with Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 13(3): 335-341, 2011. [Abstract]

  32. Bajorek, B.V., Krass, I., Ogle, S.J., Duguid, M.J., and Shenfield, G.M. Optimizing the Use of Antithrombotic Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation in Older People: A Pharmacist-Led Multidisciplinary Intervention. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53(11): 1912-1920, 2005. [Abstract]

  33. Bakken, S., Holzemer, W.L., Brown, M-A., Powell-Cope, G.M., Turner, J.G., Inouye, J., Nokes, K.M., and Corless, I.B. Relationships Between Perception of Engagement with Health Care Provider and Demographic Characteristics, Health Status, and Adherence to Therapeutic Regimen in Persons with HIV/AIDS. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 14(4): 189-197, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  34. Bakken, S., Cimino, J.J., Haskell, R., Kukafka, R., Matsumoto, C., Chan, G.K., Huff, S.M. Evaluation of the Clinical LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers, Names, and Codes) Semantic Structure as a Terminology Model for Standardized Assessment Measures. JAMIA, 7(6):529-538, 2000. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  35. Baltieri, D.A., Daró, F.R., Ribeiro, P.L., and De Andrade, A.G. Comparing topiramate with naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. Addiction, 103( 12): 2035- 2044, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  36. Ballester, R. Adhesión terapéutica: revisión histórica y estado de la cuestión en la infección por VIH/SIDA. [Treatment adherence: An historical review and state of question in HIV Infection/AIDS]. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 7(3): 151-175, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  37. Bane, C., Hughes, C.M., McElnay, J.C. The impact of depressive symptoms and psychosocial factors on medication adherence in cardiovascular disease. Patient Education and Counseling, 60(2): 187-193, 2006. [Abstract]

  38. Bangsberg, D.R., Bronstone, A., Hofmann, R. A computer-based assessment detects regimen misunderstandings and nonadherence for patients on HIV antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Care, 14(1): 3-15, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  39. Bangsberg, D.R., Bronstone, A., Chesney, M.A., Hecht, F.M. Computer-Assisted Self-Interviewing (CASI) to Improve Provider Assessment of Adherence in Routine Clinical Practice. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 31: S107-S111, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  40. Barbeito, S., Vega, P., Ruiz de, Azua S., Balanza-Martinez, V., Colom, F., Lorente, E., Luengo, A., Cerrillo, E., Crespo, J.M., and González Pinto, A. Integrated treatment of first episode psychosis with online training (e-learning): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 15(1):416, 2014. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  41. Barbui, C., Nosè, M., Mazzi, M.A., Bindman, J., Leese, M., Schene, A., Becker, T., Angermeyer, M.C., Koeter, M., Gray, R., and Tansella, M. Determinants of first- and second-generation antipsychotic drug use in clinically unstable patients with schizophrenia treated in four European countries. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 21(2): 73-79, 2006. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  42. Barrios, V., Navarro, A., Esteras, A., Luque, M., Romero, J., Tamargo, J., Prieto, L., Carrasco, J.L., Herranz, I., Navarro-Cid, J., and Ruilope, L.M. Antihypertensive Efficacy and Tolerability of Lercanidipine in Daily Clinical Practice. The ELYPSE Study. Blood Pressure, 11(2): 95-100, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  43. * Barnestein-Fonseca, P., Leiva-Fernández, J., Vidal-España, F., García-Ruiz, A., Prados-Torres, D., and Leiva-Fernández, F. Is it possible to diagnose the therapeutic adherence of patients with COPD in clinical practice? A cohort study. BMC Pulm Med., 11:6, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  44. * Bates, J.A., Whitehead, R., Bolge, S.C., and Kim, E. Correlates of medication adherence among patients with bipolar disorder: results of the bipolar evaluation of satisfaction and tolerability (BEST) study: a nationwide cross-sectional survey. Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry, 12(5). pii: PCC.09m00883, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  45. Bauman, L.J., Wright, E., Leickly, F.E., Crain, E., Kruszon-Moran, D., Wade, S.L., and Visness, C.M. Relationship of Adherence to Pediatric Asthma Morbidity Among Inner-City Children. Pediatrics, 110(1): e6, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  46. Bell, J.S., Enlund, H., and Vainio, K. Medication adherence: a review of pharmacy education, research, practice and policy in Finland. Pharmacy Practice, 8(3): 147-161, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  47. Bergkvist, A., Midlöv, P., Höglund, P., Larsson, L., and Eriksson, T. A multi-intervention approach on drug therapy can lead to a more appropriate drug use in the elderly. LIMM-Landskrona Integrated Medicines Management. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 15(4): 660-667, 2009. [Abstract]

  48. * Bermingham, M., Hayden, J., Dawkins, I., Miwa, S., Gibson, D., McDonald, K., and Ledwidge, M. Prospective analysis of LDL-C goal achievement and self-reported medication adherence among statin users in primary care. Clin Ther., 33(9):1180-1189, 2011. [Abstract]

  49. * Berni, A., Ciani, E., Cecioni, I., Poggesi, L., Abbate, R., and Boddi, M. Adherence to antihypertensive therapy affects Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index. Eur J Intern Med., 22(1):93-98, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  50. Berry, S.D., Quach, L., Procter-Gray, E., Kiel, D.P., Li, W., Samelson, E.J., Lipsitz, L.A., and Kelsey, J. L. Poor Adherence to Medications May Be Associated with Falls. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci., 65A(5): 553-558, 2010. [Abstract]

  51. * Bharmal, M., Payne, K., Atkinson, M.J., Desrosiers, M.P., Morisky, D.E., and Gemmen, E. Validation of an Abbreviated Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM-9) among Patients on Antihypertensive Medications. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 7(36), 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  52. Bhengu, B.R., Ncama, B.P., McInerney, P.A., Wantland, D.J., Nicholas, P.K., Corless, I.B., McGibbon, C.A., Davis, S.M., Nicholas, T.P., and Ros, A.V. Symptoms experienced by HIV-infected Individuals on antiretroviral therapy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Applied Nursing Research, 24(1): 1-9, 2011. [Abstract]

  53. Bieszk, N., Patel, R., Heaberlin, A., Wlasuk, K. and Zarowitz, B. Detection of medication nonadherence through review of pharmacy claims data. Am J Health Syst Pharm,. 60(4): 360-366, 2003. [Abstract]

  54. Bishop, F.L., Yardley, L., and Lewith, G.T. Treatment appraisals and beliefs predict adherence to complementary therapies: A prospective study using a dynamic extended self-regulation model. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13(4): 701-718, 2008. [Abstract]

  55. Bissonnette, J.M. Adherence: a concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 63(6): 634-643, 2008. [Abstract]

  56. Blenkinsopp, A., Phelan, M., Bourne, J., Dakhil, N. Extended adherence support by community pharmacists for patients with hypertension: a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 8(3): 165-175, 2000. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  57. Bloch, K.V., Melo, A.N de., and Nogueira, A.R. Prevalência da adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo em hipertensos resistentes e validação de três métodos indiretos de avaliação da adesão [Prevalence of anti-hypertensive treatment adherence in patients with resistant hypertension and validation of three indirect methods for assessing treatment adherence]. Cad. Saúde Pública., 24(12): 2979-2984, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  58. Bocktinga, C.L.H., ten Doesschatea, M.C., Spijkerb, J., Spinhovenc, P., Koetera, M.W.J., Schenea, A.H., The DELTA study group. Continuation and Maintenance Use of Antidepressants in Recurrent Depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 77(1): 17-26, 2008. [Abstract]

  59. Bolge, S.C., McDonnell, D.D., Chen, A. and Wan, G.J. Patient satisfaction with extended release tolterodine or oxybutynin in overactive bladder. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 23(8): 1903-1912, 2007. [Abstract]

  60. Bondesson, A., Hellström, L., Eriksson, T., and Höglund, P. A structured questionnaire to assess patient compliance and beliefs about medicines taking into account the ordered categorical structure of data. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 15(4): 713-723, 2009. [Abstract]

  61. Bone, L.R., Levine, D.M., Parry, R.E., Morisky, D.E., Green, L.W.  Update on the factors associated with high blood pressure compliance. Maryland State Med. J. 33(3):201-204, March 1984. [No abstract available]

  62. Bosworth, H.B. Medication Adherence. In:  Bosworth, Hayden, editor, Improving Patient Treatment Adherence. New York: Springer Publishing, pp. 68-94, 2010. [Abstract]

  63. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., Grubber, J.M., Neary, A.M., Orr, M.M., Powers, B.J., Adams, M.B., Svetkey, L.P., Reed, S.D., Li, Y., Dolor, R.J., and Oddone, E.Z. Two Self-management Interventions to Improve Hypertension Control: A Randomized Trial. Ann Intern Med 151(10) : 687-695, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  64. Bosworth, H., Powers, B., Grubber, J., Thorpe, C., Olsen, M., Orr, M., and Oddone, E. Racial Differences in Blood Pressure Control: Potential Explanatory Factors. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(5): 692-698, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  65. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., Neary, A., Orr, M., Grubber, J., Svetkey, L., Adams, M., Oddone, E.Z. Take Control of Your Blood pressure (TCYB) study: A multifactorial tailored behavioral and educational intervention for achieving blood pressure control. Patient Education and Counseling, 70(3): 338-347, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  66. Bosworth, H.B., Voils, C.I., Potter, G.G., and Steffens, D.C. .The effects of antidepressant medication adherence as well as psychosocial and clinical factors on depression outcome among older adults. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23(2): 129-134, 2008. [Abstract]

  67. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., McCant, F., Harrelson, M., Gentry, P., Rose, C., Goldstein, M.K., Hoffman, B.B., Powers, B., Oddone, E.Z. Hypertension Intervention Nurse Telemedicine Study (HINTS): Testing a multifactorial tailored behavioral/educational and a medication management intervention for blood pressure control. American Heart Journal, 153(6): 918-924, 2007. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  68. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., Dudley, T., Orr, M., Neary, A., Harrelson, M., Adams, M., Svetkey, L.P., Dolor, R.J., Oddone, E.Z. The Take Control of Your Blood pressure (TCYB) study: Study design and methodology. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 28(1): 33-47, 2007. [Abstract]

  69. Bosworth, H.B. Medication Treatment Adherence. Patient treatment adherence: concepts, interventions, and measurement. In Bosworth, H.B., Oddone, E.Z., Weinberger, M. editors. Patient treatment adherence: concepts, interventions, and measurement. Mahwah, NJ and London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; Chapter 6, starting page 147, 2006. [Abstract of book] [Starting page of Chapter 6 from Google Books]

  70. Bosworth, H.B., Dudley, T., Olsen, M.K., Voils, C.I., Powers, B., Goldstein, M.K., Oddone, E.Z. Racial Differences in Blood Pressure Control: Potential Explanatory Factors. The American Journal of Medicine, 119(1): 70.e9-70.e15, 2006. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  71. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., Gentry, P., Orr, M., Dudley, T., McCant, F., Oddone, E.Z. Nurse administered telephone intervention for blood pressure control: a patient-tailored multifactorial intervention. Patient Educ Couns., 57(1): 5-14, 2005. [Abstract]

  72. Botha, K.F.H., Du Plessis, W.F., Van Rooyen, J.M. and Wissing, M.P. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Self-Management in Culturally Diverse South African Patients with Essential Hypertension. J Health Psychol., 7(5): 519-531, 2002. [Abstract]

  73. Brenner, D.A., Zweifler, R.M., Gomez, C.R., Kissela, B.M., Levine, D., Howard, G., Coull, B., and Howard, V.J. Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Vascular Risk Factors among Stroke Survivors. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 19(4): 311-320, 2010. [Abstract]

  74. * Breuil, V., Cortet, B., Cotté, F.E., Arnould, B., Dias-Barbosa, C., Gaudin, A.F., Regnault, A., Roborel de Climens, A., and Legrand, E. Validation of the adherence evaluation of osteoporosis treatment (ADEOS) questionnaire for osteoporotic post-menopausal women. Osteoporos Int., 2011 [Abstract] [Full Text]

  75. Brock, T.P., and Smith, S.R. Using digital videos displayed on personal digital assistants (PDAs) to enhance patient education in clinical settings. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 76(11-12): 829-835, 2007. [Abstract]

  76. Broekmans, S., Dobbels, F., Milisen, K., Morlion, B., and Vanderschueren, S. Determinants of medication underuse and medication overuse in patients with chronic non-malignant pain: A multicenter study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(11): 1408-1417, 2010. [Abstract]

  77. Brooks, C. M., Richards, J. M., Kohler, C. L., Soong, S-J., Martin, B., Windsor, R. A., & Bailey, W. C. Assessing adherence to asthma medication and inhaler regimens: A psychometric analysis of adult self-report. Medical Care, 32(3): 298-307, 1994. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  78. Brown, C., Battista, D.R., Bruehlman, R., Sereika, S.S., Thase, M.E., Dunbar-Jacob, J. Beliefs About Antidepressant Medications in Primary Care Patients: Relationship to Self-Reported Adherence. Medical Care, 43(12): 1203-1207, 2005. [Abstract]

  79. Brown, C., Dunbar-Jacob, J., Palenchar, D.R., Kelleher, K.J., Bruehlman, R.D., Sereika, S., Thase, M.E. Primary care patients' personal illness models for depression: a preliminary investigation. Family Practice, 18(3): 314-320, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  80. Buchanan, A. Compliance with treatment in schizophrenia. Maudsley Monographs, University of London. Institute of Psychiatry. Volume 37. Psychology Press, 1996. [Google Books]

  81. Burge, S., White, D., Bajorek, E., Bazaldua, O., Trevino, J., Albright, T., Wright, F., Cigarroa, L. Correlates of medication knowledge and adherence: findings from the residency research network of South Texas. Fam Med., 37(10): 712-718, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  82. Burnier, M. Medication Adherence and Persistence as the Cornerstone of Effective Antihypertensive Therapy. American Journal of Hypertension, 19(11): 1190-1196, 2006. [Abstract]

  83. Butler, J.A., Peveler, R.C., Roderick, P., Horne, R., Mason, J.C. Measuring compliance with drug regimens after renal transplantation: comparison of self-report and clinician rating with electronic monitoring. Transplantation, 77(5): 786-789, 2004. [Abstract]

  84. Byerly, M.J., Nakonezny, P.A., Lescouflair, E. Antipsychotic Medication Adherence in Schizophrenia. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 30(3): 437-452, 2007. [Abstract]

  85. * Cabrera, D.M., Morisky, D.E., and Chin, S. Development of Tuberculosis Educational Booklet for Latino Immigrant Patients. Patient Educ Couns., 46(2):117-124, 2002. [Abstract]

  86. Cantor J, Morisky DE, Green LW, Levine DM, Salkevere D.  Cost effectiveness of educational interventions to improve outcomes in blood pressure control.  Preventive Medicine, 4:782-800, 1985. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  87. * Carbonell Abella, C., Guañabens Gay, N., Regadera Anechina, L., Marín Rives, J.A., Taverna Llauradó, E., Ayechu Redín, M.P.; ADHEPOR. Analysis of therapeutic compliance in women with osteoporosis [Análisis del cumplimiento terapéutico en mujeres con osteoporosis]. Reumatol Clin., 7(5):299-304, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  288. Joshi, A.V., Madhavan, S.S., Ambegaonkar, A., Smith, M.,  Scott, V.  (Ginger), and Dedhia, H. Association of Medication Adherence with Workplace Productivity and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Asthma. Journal of Asthma, 43(7): 521-526, 2006. [Abstract]

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  291. Kahn, K.L. Moving Research From Bench to Bedside to Community: There Is Still More to Do. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 26(4): 523-526, 2008. [No abstract available] [Full Text]

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  293. * Kardas, P. Prevalence of non-adherence to medication among patients treated for selected chronic conditions. Pol Merkur Lekarski, 31(184): 215-220, 2011. [Article in Polish]. [Abstract

  294. Karlson, E.W., Liang, M.H., Eaton, H., Huang, J., Fitzgerald, L., Rogers, M.P., Daltroy, L.H. A randomized clinical trial of a psychoeducational intervention to improve outcomes in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 50(6): 1832-1841, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  295. Karlson, E. W., Daltroy, L. H., Lew, R. A., Wright, E. A., Partridge, A. J., Fossel, A. H., Roberts, W. N., Stern, S. H., Straaton, K. V., Wacholtz, M. C., Kavanaugh, A. F., Grosflam, J. M. & Liang, M. H. The relationship of socioeconomic status, race, and modifiable risk factors to outcomes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 40(1): 47-56, 1997.[Abstract]

  296. Kashner, T.M., Rush, A.J. and Altshuler, K.Z. Measuring Costs of Guideline-Drive Mental Health Care: The Texas Medication Algorithm Project. J. Mental Health Policy Econ., 2(3): 111–121, 1999. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  297. Kato, P.M., Cole, S.W., Bradlyn, A.S., and Pollock, B.H. A Video Game Improves Behavioral Outcomes in Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer: A Randomized Trial. Pediatrics, 122(2): e305-e317, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  303. Kiley, D.J., Lam, C.S., Pollak, R. A Study of Treatment Compliance Following Kidney Transplantation. Transplantation. 55(1):51-56, January 1993.[Abstract]

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  319. * Krousel-Wood, M.A., Muntner, P., Joyce, C.J., Islam, T., Stanley, E., Holt, E.W., Morisky, D.E. , He, J., and Webber, L.S. Adverse Effects of Complementary and Alternative Medicine on Antihypertensive Medication Adherence: Findings from the Cohort Study of Medication Adherence among Older Adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(1):54-61, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  320. * Krousel-Wood, M., Islam, T., Webber, L.S., Re, R.N., Morisky, D.E., and Muntner, P. New medication adherence scale versus pharmacy fill rates in seniors with hypertension. Am J Manag Care., 15(1): 59-66, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  321. * Krousel-Wood, M.A., Muntner, P., Islam, T., Morisky, D.E., and Webber, L.S. Barriers to and Determinants of Medication Adherence in Hypertension Management: Perspective of the Cohort Study of Medication Adherence Among Older Adults. Medical Clinics of North America, 93(3): 753-769, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  322. Krousel-Wood, M., Muntner, P., Jannu, A., Desalva, K., Re, R.N. Reliability of a Medication Adherence Measure in an Outpatient Setting. American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 330(3): 128-133, 2005. [Abstract]

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  326. Kuyken, W., Byford, S., Taylor, R.S., Watkins, E., Holden, E., White, K., Barrett, B., Byng, R., Evans, A., Mullan, E., Teasdale, J.D. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. J Consult Clin Psychol., 76(6): 966-78, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  328. Lai, T-Y., Larson, E.L., Rockoff, M.L., and Bakken, S. User Acceptance of HIV TIDES—Tailored Interventions for Management of Depressive Symptoms in Persons Living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 15(2): 217-226, 2008. [Abstract]

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  330. Lambert, E.V., Steyn, K., Stender, S., Everage, N., Fourie, J.M., and Hill, M. Cross-cultural validation of the hill-bone compliance to high blood pressure therapy scale in a South African, primary healthcare setting. Ethn Dis., 16(1): 286-291, 2006. [Abstract] [Full text]

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  332. Lee, S.J., Loberiza, F.R., Antin, J.H., Kirkpatrick, T., Prokop, L., Alyea, E.P., Cutler, C., Ho, V.T., Richardson, P.G., Schlossman, R.L., Fisher, D.C., Logan, B. and Soiffer, R.J. Routine screening for psychosocial distress following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 35: 77–83, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  334. Leite, S.N., and Vasconcellos, M. da P.C. Adesão à terapêutica medicamentosa: elementos para a discussão de conceitos e pressupostos adotados na literatura (Adherence to prescribed therapy: points for concepts and presuppositions discussion). Ciênc. saúde coletiva, 8(3): 775-782, 2003. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  335. Leroyer, C., Lebrun, T., Proust, A., Lenne, X., Lucas, E., Rio, G., Dewitte, J.-D., and Clavier, J. Knowledge, Self-Management, Compliance and Quality of Life in Asthma: A Cross-Sectional Study of the French Version of the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. Quality of Life Research, 7(3): 267-272, 1998. [Abstract]

  336. Leveille, S.G., Kiel, D.P., Jones, R.N., Roman, A., Hannan, M.T., Sorond, F.A., Kang, H.G., Samelson, E.J., Gagnon, M., Freeman, M., and Lipsitz, L.A. The MOBILIZE Boston Study: Design and methods of a prospective cohort study of novel risk factors for falls in an older population. BMC Geriatrics, 8:16, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  338. * Levine, D.M., Cohen, J.D., Dustin, H.P., Falkner, B., Flors, J.A., Lefebve, R.C., Morisky, D.E., Oberman, A., Pickering, T.G., Roccella, E.J., Saunders, E., and Whelton, P.K. Behavior changes and the prevention of high blood pressure. Workshop II. AHA Prevention Conference III. Behavior change and compliance: keys to improving cardiovascular health. Circulation, 88(3):1387-1390, 1993. [Full Text]

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  340. Levine, D.M., Green, L.W.  The role of academic medicine in patient education. State of the art in research and evaluation. Bull. New York Acad. Med., 61(2):135-143, March 1985. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  342. Levine, D.M., Green, L.W., Russell, R.P., Morisky, D., Chwalow, J., Benson, P.  Compliance in hypertension management: What the physician can do.  Practical Cardiology, 5:151-153, 157-158, 160, 1979. [No abstract available]

  343. Levy, R.W., Rayner, C.R., Fairley, C.K., Kong, D.C.M., Mijch, A., Costello, K., and McArthur, C. Multidisciplinary HIV Adherence Intervention: A Randomized Study. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 18(12): 728-735, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  346. Li, Wen-Wen and Froelicher, E.S. Gender Differences in Chinese Immigrants: Predictors for Antihypertensive Medication Adherence. J Transcult Nurs., 18(4): 331-338, 2007. [Abstract]

  347. Li, Wen-Wen., Stewart, A.L., Stotts, N.A., and Froelicher, E.S. Cultural Factors and Medication Compliance in Chinese Immigrants Who Are Taking Antihypertensive Medications: Instrument Development. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 13(3): 231-252, 2005. [Abstract

  348. Liu, Z.L., Zhang, B.L., Wang, L.H., Xu H.P., Wu, Y.S., and Mo, H. Yantian District, Shenzhen Hypertension drug therapy compliance and patient factors. China's chronic disease prevention and control, 1: 70-71, 2008. [Abstract available only in Chinese]

  349. Lopes, N., Zanini, A. C., Casella-Filho, A., et al.. Metabolic Syndrome Patient Compliance with Drug Treatment, Clinics, 63(5): 573-580, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  352. Lowthian, J.A., Diug, B.O., Evans, S.M., Maxwell, E.L., Street, A.M., Piterman, L., and McNeil, J.J. Who is responsible for the care of patients treated with warfarin therapy?. Med J Aust. 190(12):674-677, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  353. Lubitz, S.A., Scott, S. A., Rothlauf, E. B., Agarwal, A., Peter, I., Doheny, D., Van Der Zee, S., Jaremko, M., Yoo, C., Desnick, R. J., and Halperin, J. L. Comparative performance of gene-based warfarin dosing algorithms in a multiethnic population. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 8(5): 1018-1026, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  354. Ma, S., Zheng, H.W., Wang, B. (Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003 Cardiology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003 Department of Nursing). Hypertension drug treatment factors affecting compliance. Chinese Journal of Nursing, 4: 363-365, 2007. [Abstract available only in Chinese]

  355. Mahler, C., Hermann, K., Horne, R., Ludt, S., Haefeli, W.E., Szecsenyi, J., and Jank, S. Assessing reported adherence to pharmacological treatment recommendations. Translation and evaluation of the Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS) in Germany. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 16(3): 574 - 579, 2010. [Abstract]

  356. Malotte CK, Morisky DE.  Using an Unobtrusively Monitored Comparison Study Group in a Longitudinal Design. Health Education Research, 9:153-160, 1994. [Abstract]

  357. Mancuso, C.A., Wenderoth, S., Westermann, H., Choi, T.N., Briggs, W.M., and Charlson, M.E. Patient-Reported and Physician-Reported Depressive Conditions in Relation to Asthma Severity and Control. CHEST, 133(5): 1142-1148, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  358. Mangiapane, S., Schulz, M., Mühlig, S., Ihle, P., Schubert, I., Waldmann, H-C. Community Pharmacy-Based Pharmaceutical Care for Asthma Patients. Ann Pharmacother 39: 1817-1822, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  362. Mann, D.M., Allegrante, J.P., Natarajan, S., Halm, E.A., and Charlson, M. Predictors of Adherence to Statins for Primary Prevention. Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy, 21(4): 311-316, 2007. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  363. Mannheimer, S., Morse, E., Matts, J.P., Andrews, L., Child, C., Schmetter, B., Friedland, G.H., for the Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS. Sustained Benefit From a Long-Term Antiretroviral Adherence Intervention: Results of a Large Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 43(Suppl. 1): S41-S47, 2006. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  365. Marcum, Z.A., Handler, S.M., Boyce, R., Gellad, W., and Hanlon, J.T. Medication misadventures in the elderly: A year in review. The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, 8(1): 77-83, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  366. Maron, D.J.,Boden, W.E., O'Rourke, R.A., Hartigan, P.M., Calfas, K.J., Mancini, G.B.J., Spertus, J.A., Dada, M., Kostuk, W.J., Knudtson, M., Harris, C.L., Sedlis, S.P., Zoble, R.G., Title, L.M., Gosselin, G., Nawaz, S., Gau, G.T., Blaustein, A.S., Bates, E.R., Shaw, L.J., Berman, D.S., Chaitman, B.R., Weintraub, W.S., and Teo, K.K. for the COURAGE Trial Research Group, Intensive Multifactorial Intervention for Stable Coronary Artery Disease: Optimal Medical Therapy in the COURAGE (Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation) Trial. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 55(13): 1348-1358, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  367. Martins, L.C., Figueiredo, V.N., Quinaglia, T., Boer-Martins, L., Yugar-Toledo, J.C., Martin, J.F.V., Demacq, C., Pimenta, E., Calhoun, D.A., and Moreno, H. Characteristics of resistant hypertension: ageing, body mass index, hyperaldosteronism, cardiac hypertrophy and vascular stiffness. J Hum Hypertens, 25(9): 532-538, 2011. [Abstract]

  368. Martínez, Y.V., Prado-Aguilar, C.A., Rascón-Pacheco, R.A., and Valdivia-Martínez, J.J. Quality of life associated with treatment adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, 8:164, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  369. Mateo, J. F., Gil-Guillén, V. F., Mateo, E., Orozco, D., Carbayo, J. A., and Merino, J. Multifactorial approach and adherence to prescribed oral medications in patients with type 2 diabetes. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 60(4): 422-428, 2006. [Abstract]

  370. Mathias, S., Warren, E., Colwell, H., Sung, J. A new treatment satisfaction measure for asthmatics: A validation study. Quality of Life Research, 9(7): 873-882, 2000. [Abstract]

  371. Matza, L.S., Park, J., Coyne, K.S., Skinner, E.P., Malley, K.G., and Wolever, R. Q. Derivation and Validation of the ASK-12 Adherence Barrier Survey. Ann Pharmacother., 43(10):1621-1630, 2009. [Abstract]

  372. Matza, L.S., Yu-Isenberg, K.S., Coyne, K.S., Park, J., Wakefield, J., Skinner, E.P., and Wolever, R.Q. Further testing of the reliability and validity of the ASK-20 adherence barrier questionnaire in a medical center outpatient population. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 24(11): 3197-3206, 2008. [Abstract]

  373. McAuley, J.W., McFadden, L.S., Elliott, J.O., and Shneker, B.F. An evaluation of self-management behaviors and medication adherence in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior, 13(4): 637-641, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  374. McBurney, C.R., Eagle, K.A., Kline-Rogers, E.M., Cooper, J.V., Smith, D.E. and Erickson, S.R. Work-Related Outcomes After a Myocardial Infarction. Pharmacotherapy, 24(11): 1515-1523, 2004. [Abstract]

  375. McBurney, C.R., Eagle, K.A., Kline-Rogers, E.M., Cooper, J.V., Mani, O.C.M., Smith, D.E., and Erickson, S.R. Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients 7 Months After a Myocardial Infarction: Factors Affecting the Short Form-12.  Pharmacotherapy, 22(12): 1616-1622, 2002. [Abstract]

  376. McCombs, J. S., Liu, G., Shi, J., Feng, W., Cody, M., Parker, J. P., Nichol, M. B., Hay, J. W., Johnson, K. A., Groshen, S. L., & Nye, M. T. The Kaiser Permanente/USC Patient Consultation Study: Change in use and cost of health care services. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 55(23): 2485-2499, 1998. [Abstract]

  377. McCombs, J.S., Cody, M., Besinque, K., Borok, G., Ershoff, D., Groshen, S., Hay, J., Johnson, K.A., Nichol, M.B., and  Nye, M.T. Measuring the impact of patient counseling in the outpatient pharmacy setting: the research design of the Kaiser permanente/USC patient consultation study. Clinical Therapeutics, 17(6):  1188-1206, 1995. [Abstract]

  378. McHorney, C.A., Spain, C.V., Alexander, C.M., and Simmons, J. Validity of the adherence estimator in the prediction of 9-month persistence with medications prescribed for chronic diseases: A prospective analysis of data from pharmacy claims. Clinical Therapeutics, 31(11): 2584-2607, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  379. McHorney, C.A. The Adherence Estimator: a brief, proximal screener for patient propensity to adhere to prescription medications for chronic disease. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 25(1), 215-238, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  380. McGinnis, B., Olson, K.L., Magid, D., Bayliss, E., Korner, E.J., Brand, D.W., and Steiner, J.F. Factors Related to Adherence to Statin Therapy. Ann Pharmacother, 41(11):1805-1811, 2007. [Abstract]

  381. McInerney, P.A., Ncama, B.P., Wantland, D., Bhengu, B.R., McGibbon, C., Davis, S.M., Corless, I.B., and Nicholas, P.K. Quality of life and physical functioning in HIV-infected individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Nursing & Health Sciences, 10(4): 266-272, 2008. [Abstract]

  382. McInerney, P.A., Nicholas, P.K., Wantland, D., Corless, I.B., Ncama, B., Bhengu, B., McGibbon, C.A., Davis, S.M., and Gallagher, D.M. Characteristics of anti-tuberculosis medication adherence in South Africa. Applied Nursing Research, 20(4): 164-170, 2007. [Abstract]

  383. McKellar, J.D., Humphreys, K., Piette, J.D. Depression increases diabetes symptoms by complicating patients' self-care adherence. Diabetes Educ., 30(3): 485-492, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  384. McNagny, S. E., Ahluwalia, J. S., Clark, W. S. & Resnicow, K. A. Cigarette smoking and severe uncontrolled hypertension in inner-city African Americans. The American Journal of Medicine, 103(2): 121-127, 1997.[Abstract]

  385. Meichenbaum, D., Turk, D.C. Facilitating treatment adherence: A practitioner's guidebook. New York, NY, US: Plenum Press, pp. 310, 1987. [Abstract]

  386. * Migneault, J.P., Dedier, J.J., Wright, J.A., Heeren, T., Campbell, M.K., Morisky, D.E., Rudd, P., and Friedman, R.H. A Culturally-Adapted Telecommunication System to Improve Physical Activity, Diet Quality, and Medication Adherence among Hypertensive African-Americans: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine [Accepted]

  387. Miller, N.H. Compliance with treatment regimens in chronic asymptomatic diseases. American Journal of Medicine, 102(2-A): 43-49, 1997. [Abstract]

  388. Misdrahi, D., Verdoux, H., Lançon, C., and Bayle, F. The 4-Point ordinal Alliance Self-report: a self-report questionnaire for assessing therapeutic relationships in routine mental health. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 50(2): 181-185, 2009. [Abstract]

  389. Moffet, H.H., Adler, N., Schillinger, D., Ahmed, A.T., Laraia, B., Selby, J.V., Neugebauer, R., Liu, J.Y., Parker, M.M., Warton, M. and Karter, A.J. Cohort Profile: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE)—objectives and design of a survey follow-up study of social health disparities in a managed care population. Int. J. Epidemiol., 38(1): 38-47, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  394. * Morisky, D.E., Kominski, G.F., Afifi, A.A., and Kotlerman, J.B. The Effects of a Disease Management Program on Self-Reported Health Behaviors and Health Outcomes: Evidence From the “Florida: A Healthy State (FAHS)” Medicaid Program. Health Educ Behav., 36(3): 505-517, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  396. * Morisky, D.E., Ebin, V.J., Malotte, C.K., Coly, A., and Kominski, G. Assessment of Tuberculosis Treatment Completion in an Ethnically Diverse Population Using Two Data Sources - Implications for Treatment Interventions. Eval Health Prof., 26(1): 43-58, 2003. [Abstract]

  397. Morisky, D.E., Lees, N.B., Sharif, B.A., Liu, K.Y., Ward, H.J. Reducing Disparities in Hypertension Control: A Community Based Hypertension Control Project (CHIP) for a Low Income Minority Population.  Health Promotion Practice, 3(2):264-275, 2002. [Abstract]

  398. Morisky, D.E., Ang, A., Sneed, C. Validating the Effects of Social Desirability on Self-Reported Condom Use.  AIDS Education and  Prevention, 14(5):351-360, 2002. [Abstract]

  399. * Morisky, D.E., Malotte, C.K., Ebin, V., Davidson, P., and Cabrera, D. Behavioral Interventions for the Control of Tuberculosis Among Adolescents. Public Health Reports, 116(6) :568-574, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  400. Morisky, D.E., Tiglao, T.V., Sneed, C.D., Tempongko, S.B., Baltazar, J.C., Detels, R., Stein, J. The Effects of Establishment Practices, Knowledge and Attitudes on Condom Use among Filipina Sex Workers. AIDS Care, 10(2):213-220, 1998. [Abstract]

  401. * Morisky, D.E., Malotte, C.K., Choi, P., et al.  A Patient Education Program to Improve Adherence Rate with Antituberculosis Drug Regimens.  Health Education Quarterly, 17(3):253-268, 1990. [Abstract]

  402. * Morisky, D.E., Fox, S.A., Murata, P.J., and Stein, J.A. The Role of Needs Assessment in Designing a Community-Based Mammography Education Program for Urban Women. Health Educ Res., 4(4): 469-478, 1989. [Abstract]

  403. * Morisky, D.E., Green, L.W., Levine, D.M.  Concurrent and Predictive Validity of a Self-Reported Measure of Medication Adherence and Long-Term Predictive Validity of Blood Pressure Control.  Medical Care, 24(1):67-74, 1986. [Abstract]

  404. * Morisky, D.E.  Nonadherence to Medical Recommendations for Hypertensive Patients:  Problems and Potential Solutions.  Journal of Compliance in Health Care, 1:5-20, 1986.

  405. Morisky, D.E., DeMuth, N.M., Field-Fass, M., Green, L.W., and Levine, D.M. . Evaluation of family health education to build social support for long-term control of high blood pressure. Health Education Quarterly 12: 35-50, 1985. [Abstract]

  406. Morisky, D.E., Levine, D.M., Green, L.W., Shapiro, S., Russell, R.P., & Smith, C.R. Five-Year Blood-Pressure Control and Mortality Following Health Education for Hypertensive Patients. American Journal of Public Health 73: 153-62, 1983. [ Abstract] [ Full text]

  407. Morris, A.B., Li, J., Kroenke, K., Bruner-England, T.E., Young, J.M., and Murray, M.D. Factors Associated with Drug Adherence and Blood Pressure Control in Patients with Hypertension. Pharmacotherapy 26(4): 483-492, 2006. [Abstract]

  408. Morse, E.V., Simon, P.M., Coburn, M., Hyslop, N., Greenspan, D., and Balson, P.M. Determinants of subject compliance within an experimental anti-HIV drug protocol. Social Science and Medicine, 32(10): 1161-1167, 1991. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  409. Mooney, M., Sayre, S., Green, C., Rhoades, H., and Schmitz, J. Comparing Measures of Medication Taking in a Pharmacotherapy Trial for Cocaine Dependence. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 3(4): 165-173, 2004. [Abstract]

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  412. Muntner, P., Judd, S.E., Krousel-Wood, M., McClellan, W.M., and Safford, M.M. Low Medication Adherence and Hypertension Control Among Adults With CKD: Data From the REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) Study. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 56(3): 447-457, 2010. [Abstract]

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  438. Osterberg, L. and Blaschke, T. Adherence to Medication. N Engl J Med, 353: 487-497, 2005. [No abstract available] [Full Text]

  439. Pablo, M.O., Antonio, L.J., Encarnación, B.R., Juan Manuel, G.G., and Alipio, M.R. Comparación de dos modelos de educación para pacientes asmáticos (Comparison of two forms of education for asthmatic patients). Med Clin (Barc), 116(11):408-412, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text available only in Spanish]

  440. Paes, A.H.P., Bakker, A., Soe-Agnie, C.J. Measurement of patient compliance. Pharmacy World & Science, 20(2): 73-77, 1998. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  441. Palacios, S., Sánchez-Borrego, R., Neyro, J.L., Quereda, F., Vázquez, F., Pérez, M., and Pérez, M. Knowledge and compliance from patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis treatment. Menopause Int., 15(3): 113-119, 2009. [Abstract]

  442. Palazzolo, J. Observance médicamenteuse et psychiatrie. Elsevier Masson, pp. 188, 2004. [Abstract] [Excerpts from Google Books]

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  444. Parienti, J-J., Massari, V., Descamps, D., Vabret, A., Bouvet, E., Larouzé, B., and Verdon, R. Predictors of Virologic Failure and Resistance in HIV-Infected Patients Treated with Nevirapine- or Efavirenz-Based Antiretroviral Therapy. Clin Infect Dis., 38(9): 1311-1316, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  445. Parienti, J-J., Verdon, R., Bazin, C., Bouvet, E., Massari, V. Larouzé, B. The Pills Identification Test: A Tool to Assess Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy. JAMA, 285(4): 412, 2001. [Abstract]

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  447. Patel, R.P., and Taylor, S.D.  Factors affecting medication adherence in hypertensive patients. Ann Pharmacother., 36: 40-45, 2002. [Abstract]

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  460. Powers, B.J., Oddone, E.Z., Grubber, J.M., Olsen, M.K., and Bosworth, H.B. Perceived and Actual Stroke Risk Among Men With Hypertension. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 10(4): 287-294, 2008. [Abstract] [Full text]

  461. Powers, B.J., Olsen, M.K., Oddone, E.Z., Thorpe, C.T. and Bosworth, H.B. Literacy and blood pressure – do healthcare systems influence this relationship? A cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, 8(219): 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  462. Pradier, C., Carrieri, P., Bentz, L., Spire, B., Dellamonica, P., Moreau, J., and Moatti, J-P. Impact of short-term adherence on virological and immunological success of HAART: a case study among French HIV-infected IDUs. Int J STD AIDS, 12(5): 324-328, 2001. [Abstract]

  463. Prado-Aguilar, C.A., Martínez, Y.V., Segovia-Bernal, Y., Reyes-Martínez, R., and Arias-Ulloa, R. Performance of two questionnaires to measure treatment adherence in patients with Type-2 Diabetes. BMC Public Health, 9(38), 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  465. Pratt, R., Robinson, N., Loveday, H., Pellowe, C., Franks, P., Hankins, M., Loveday, C. Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy: Appropriate Use of Self-Reporting in Clinical Practice. HIV Clinical Trials, 2(2): 146-159, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  466. Proulx, M., Leduc, N., Vandelac, L., Grégoire, J-P., and Collin, J. Social context, the struggle with uncertainty, and subjective risk as meaning-rich constructs for explaining HBP noncompliance. Patient Education and Counseling, 68(1): 98-106, 2007. [Abstract]

  467. Puschner, B., Angermeyer, M.C., Leese, M., Thornicroft, G., Schene, A., Kikkert, M., Burti, L., Tansella, M., and Becker, T. Course of adherence to medication and quality of life in people with schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research, 165(3): 224-233, 2009. [Abstract]

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